change link text in HTML using JavaScript

I have an html page which has a link called “open”. Once the link is clicked the text “open” should change to “close”. How do I do this?

64 thoughts on “change link text in HTML using JavaScript”

  1. addEventListener is not supported in IE. If you don’t need other onclick events on the link, use this:

    elm.onclick = function (e) {
        this.innerHTML = "close";
  2. Script

        <script type="text/javascript">
          function open_fun() {
            document.getElementById('link').innerHTML = "<a href='javascript:clo_fun()'>CLOSE</a>";
          function clo_fun() {
            document.getElementById('link').innerHTML = "<a href='javascript:open_fun()'>OPEN</a>";
        <div id='link'><a href='javascript:open_fun()'>OPEN</a></div>
  3. Say you have link:

    <a id="link" href="">open</a>
    const link = document.getElementById("link") // HTMLAnchorElement
    const text = link.text; // open

    To change value:

    link.text = 'closed'; // now link.text === 'closed'

    Since I get downvoted for no reason (this code actually works totally fine) I will add a a fiddle to demonstrate for the non believers that this is solid code and works as expected.

    Also check documentation here on MDN for the text property on an HtmlAnchorElement:

    Is a DOMString being a synonym for the Node.textContent property.

    So instead of changing the text node you can set this text property directly.

    Note: Setting innerHTML (advised in other answers) is not considered safe since it can be used for injecting malicious code into the DOM.

  4. <a href="" onClick="this.innerHTML = 'close'">Open</a>

    You could also call some type of toggle function for swapping the text on multiple clicks.

    function toggle(lnk_obj){
        lnk_obj.innerHTML = (lnk_obj.innerHTML == 'close') ? 'open' : 'close' ;
    <a href="" onClick="javascript:toggle(this);">Open</a>
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